Below are resources for learning more about the countries and cultures from which refugees are coming.  Please note that some of the information in older documents may be outdated, so keep in mind the date that each document was published.

Afghan Refugees

Afghan Community Profile (Arizona Department of Health Services)

The Afghans (Cultural Orientation Resource Center, 2002)

Bhutanese Refugees

Bhutanese Refugees in Nepal (Cultural Orientation Resource Center/Center for Applied Linguistics, October 2007)

Bhutanese Refugees in Nepal Supplement (Cultural Orientation Resource Center/Center for Applied Linguistics, January 2008)

Bhutanese Refugee Families (BRYCS)

Bhutanese Community Profile (Arizona Department of Health Services)

Bhutan Country Information (CIA World Factbook)

Burmese Refugees

Refugees from Burma (Cultural Orientation Resource Center/Center for Applied Linguistics, June 2007)

Refugee Families from Burma (BRYCS)

Karen Community Profile (Arizona Department of Health Services)

Burma Country Information (CIA World Factbook)

Burundian Refugees

The 1972 Burundians (Cultural Orientation Resource Center/Center for Applied Linguistics, March 2007)

Burundian Community Profile (Arizona Department of Health Services)

Burundi Country Information (CIA World Factbook)

Congolese Refugees

Refugees from the Democratic Republic of Congo (Cultural Orientation Resource Center/Center for Applied Linguistics, January 2014)

The Banyamulenge Tutsi (Cultural Orientation Resource Center/Center for Applied Linguistics, February 2007)

Congolese Community Profile (Arizona Department of Health Services)

Democratic Republic of Congo Country Information (CIA World Factbook)

Eritrean Refugees

Eritrean Refugees from the Shimelba Refugee Camp (Cultural Orientation Resource Center/Center for Applied Linguistics, December 2010)

The Kunama (Cultural Orientation Resource Center/Center for Applied Linguistics, April 2007)

Eritrean Community Profile (Arizona Department of Health Services)

Eritrea Country Information (CIA World Factbook)

Iraqi Refugees

Refugees from Iraq (Cultural Orientation Resource Center/Center for Applied Linguistics, October 2008)

Refugee Families from Iraq (BRYCS)

Iraqi Community Profile (Arizona Department of Health Services)

Iraq Country Information (CIA World Factbook)

Somali Refugees

The Somali Bantu (Cultural Orientation Resource Center/Center for Applied Linguistics, February 2003)

Refugee Families from Somalia (BRYCS)

Somali Community Profile (Arizona Department of Health Services)

Somali Bantu Community Profile (Arizona Department of Health Services)

Somalia Country Information (CIA World Factbook)

Sudanese Refugees

Refugees from Darfur (Cultural Orientation Resource Center/Center for Applied Linguistics, June 2011)

Sudan Country Information (CIA World Factbook)

Sudanese Community Profile (Arizona Department of Health Services)

South Sudan Country Information (CIA World Factbook)

Syrian Refugees

Refugees from Syria (Cultural Orientation Resource Center/Center for Applied Linguistics, November 2014)

Syria Country Information (CIA World Factbook)

Turkish Refugees

Ahiska or Meskhetian Turks (Cultural Orientation Resource Center/Center for Applied Linguistics, September 2006)

You can also find the “backgrounders” from the Cultural Orientation Resource Center, BRYCS, and the Arizona Department of Health Services at these websites:

http://www.culturalorientation.net/learning/backgrounders

http://www.brycs.org/publications/index.cfm#populations

http://www.azdhs.gov/preparedness/epidemiology-disease-control/disease-integration-services/refugee-health/index.php#providers-profiles